What does a pool pump do?
The pool pump consists of three very important and essential parts. The motor, impeller coupled with the hair and lint trap. The hair and lint trap is where the water that is sucked in by the pool pump circulates through and if any debris is prevalent would trap them to be removed and cleaned when filled up in the strainer. The pool pump sucks water from the pool via the skimmer and pushes it though the filter and pushes it back into the pool. The pool pump is the heart of your swimming pool’s water circulation system. It helps to ensure that the water in the pool is clean, clear and safe.
This continuous cycle would ensure that all debris, bacteria, harmful germs and other that are prevalent in the pool whether it is above ground, inground, hot tub or spa is filtered through by the pools filtering system. The strainer is just basic and would trap only larger debris but the filtering system is more sophisticated and ensures a bigger operation with the help of the pool pump.
Pool Pump types
There are different types of pool pumps but basically it precipitates to three major types. Some jurisdictions for various reasons do not permit some of them whilst other areas could have restrictions on specific operational issues. We look at the following major segments where the pool pumps divide themselves.
Single speed pool pumps as described correctly would have only one speed when it is operational. Some jurisdictions even within the United States could differ in opinion and not permit these. But there is universal acceptance for single speed pool pumps which would have a start and stop control only.
These pool pumps are incorporated with two speed controls which are permitted in most jurisdictions. This type of pool pump is incorporated with two speeds with the ability to operate in two speeds according to the requirements.
These pool pumps would have two or more speeds which could either be controlled or would adjust speeds automatically depending on the water flow. There are safety features which would ensure it does not overload itself even if operated for longer periods of time.
The Key Components of a Pool Pump
There are inherent components which would determine for what type of operation a particular pool pump could be employed. We look at them as follows.
Inground or Above Ground
There are some pool pumps which are compatible for use with either above ground or inground pools. Whilst some are basically only for above ground pools there are others that are designed and manufactured especially for inground pools. There are other pool pumps which could be used for both applications and are designed as such. It would be prudent to check them out before you would commit yourself to anyone so that you buy the most appropriate for the requirement at hand.
Horsepower – Hp
The horsepower or Hp is the power output that could be derived from the pool pump. The higher the Hp the more powerful the pool pump is. Hence if you have a small hot tub or a spa a lower Hp would suffice but a bigger swimming pool would need a higher Hp for optimum efficiency. It is the quantum of water in the pool and the hours of operation that is envisaged which would determine the Hp of the pool pump that you would need to employ.
Pump Motor Voltage
This is a very important factor to consider before you would purchase a pool pump. The right voltage in your home and the voltage permitted in the pool pump should be compatible or you could have a burnt out pool pump.
The voltages that are universally used are either 110~120 or 220~240 voltages. Hence looking carefully as to what supply you have and the one depicted on the pool pump would be imperative. Don’t plug in without checking this out, because such a careless move is not even covered by any warranty.
The Difference between Above-Ground and In-ground Pool Pumps
The main difference between an above ground pool and an inground pool is that the former would stand above ground level whilst the latter would be embedded into the ground. In the case of the pool pump for these two, an above ground pool pump does not have self-priming whilst an inground pool pump would self-prime to ensure it stays operational without any hassles.
How to Choose the Right Size Pool Pump?
First you would need to know the quantum of water in your pool which would generally be in gallons. For easy estimation, assuming you have a 35,000 gallon pool it would need a pool pump with a minimum water flow rate of 56 gallons per minute running for 10 hours continuously. Or if you have pool that contains 18,000 gallons, a pool pump with a water flow rate of 38 gallons per minute running for 8 hours would be required. On the contrary for an 18,000 gallon pool you could employ a pool pump with 30 gallons per minute pool pump running for 10 hours would also suffice.
When Should You Run the Pool Pump?
It is better to run the pool at night because electricity rates could drop at off during peak hours which would be an advantage economically. It is also necessary to run your pool pump for about an hour or more during the day too, as there could be dust and plant debris falling onto the pool. Pollen and other debris from the plant could drop whilst they are growing because most plant activities occur during the day when the Sun is up.
The rise in temperature would be good to circulate the water by running the pool pump during the day and prevent any algae from growing with the aid of the Sun. To keep your pool clean, clear and healthy you should have a good balance on how you would run your pool pump.
How Long Do you Run the Pool Pump?
Running the pool pump for about 8 hours during the night would be a good schedule to maintain. It should be regular and it would be ideal if you could install a pool pump timer to ensure it comes on and switches off during the set times. A hour ot maximum two during the day when the Sun is at peak would also be a good idea. Double settings on timers are available if you look around and getting one would relieve you of the hassle of doing it manually every day.
Tips to Select a High-Quality Pool Pump
There are many brands and models available in the market from which you could choose the most ideal pool pump to match with your pool. Some models may be too expensive and beyond your reach hence a good brand with a good reputation but an older model at a lower price could be a good way to select an affordable one. When new models are introduced the older ones become cheaper which could be a good time to pounce on an older model. They may most of the time be better in performance too.
It would also be prudent to determine the exact quantum of water in your pool and then match the pool pump accordingly. It is not necessary to buy a very powerful pool pump if you have a small pool. It would be a drain on your energy consumption too. Purchase your pool pump to be at optimum efficiency to serve your purpose and this way you would be able to cut down on energy costs and not unnecessarily pay through your nose. Matching the pool with the pool pump would be the most intelligent and prudent way to get the best inground pool pump for you. Whatever you may choose ensure that the water flow rate is adequate for the quantity of water in your pool.